Global Warming and Attribution of Recent Climate Change
The Oil and Gas business holds a significant potential of hazards for the atmosphere, and should impact on large areas of the sea, the seabed and on land. They affect the environment through emissions to air, noise from seismic surveys and their physical footprint on the seabed. commercial fish species are sensitive to sound and, at close vary, larval fish might even be killed by seismic sources. Water contamination due to discharges of water effluents made in inorganic salts without appropriate treatment (saline pollution). thermal pollution due to discharge of effluents with temperatures beyond recipient water bodies. Water contamination due to oil spills. Particulate emissions into the atmosphere generated throughout operations at production and refining plants. noise pollution caused by instrumentation and operations that generate loud noise. Sulfur and nitrogen oxides, ammonia, acid mist and fluorine compounds gas emissions from production and refining plants operations. Accidents that impact the environment, like large oil spills, leaks, fires and explosions on plants, ultimate deaths.